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Family & Friends

An Introduction

If you are reading this then you may have someone close to you that has been impacted by a difficult birth experience, be it a partner, loved one or someone that you care for. It is often hard to understand what they are feeling, and our aim is to provide you with some information and guidance to help you take their hand and walk this journey alongside them.

What is Birth Trauma?

Each woman will have her birth experience dream, and then the reality. With many women who have experienced birth trauma, the disconnect between their ideal birth and the reality can make them feel broken and at fault and leave them in a vulnerable emotional state. Alongside psychological trauma, women may also have to manage physical injuries. We will help you understand the two types of birth trauma – physical and psychological. Each has a variety of signs and symptoms and the two can very much be intertwined, making their identification and management complex. With our guidance and support we hope you are able to recognise these signs and begin the journey with your loved one in the management and support you both require.

We have a series of downloadable guides and resources available.

Psychological Birth Trauma

Psychological trauma may be the result of an extreme disconnect between a woman’s expectations of what would happen and/or feelings of loss of control during her birth experience. This can be heightened as a result of physical damage. The shock of what actually happened can cause a number of psychological issues including mental health disorders, anxiety, and depression to name a few. It is important to note that some women may have severe emotional suffering after a traumatic birth, although they did not have physical birth injuries.

The signs and symptoms of psychological trauma may include:
  • Feelings of intense fear, helplessness or horror in reaction to the experience, for example, words, smells, rooms, clinicians, a particular hospital 
  • Fear and anxiety about going outside 
  • Poor self-image 
  • Memories (flashbacks) of the delivery during sexual relations.
  • Trying to push feelings away and just getting on with looking after the baby 
  • Difficulty sleeping or nightmares 
  • Feelings of isolation, Irritability and guilt that may manifest as anxiety or panic attacks 
  • Avoiding reminders of the birth, such as the location where it happened or a tendency to become stressed or anxious when being close to the location of birth. Triggers like this can show up in different ways.
  • Unemotional, numb or detached from others, activities, or surroundings 
  • Alcohol and drug misuse 
  • Distress caused by physical birth injuries that you may be managing. 
  • You may notice that your partner is having some difficultly bonding with baby. 
Physical Birth Trauma 
Birth injuries are a direct result of the birthing process. Physical trauma may or may not be identified immediately, given that it can be hard to articulate the symptoms, and separate them from what women ‘normally’ experience after a vaginal birth. Furthermore, a diagnosis of physical injury can be very confronting. 
The signs and symptoms of physical birth trauma may include:
  • Sweating, shaking, headaches, dizziness, gastro intestinal upsets and chest pains not connected with medical conditions 
  • Continuing pain around the site of the episiotomy or tear in the perineum (between vagina and anus) after birth 
  • Urinary or faecal incontinence (not being able to hold your bowel movements) 
  • Difficulty opening and emptying bowels 
  • Pain or difficulty having sex 
  • Constant lower back pain 
  • Awareness of a bulge or lump at the vaginal opening 
  • A dragging/heavy feeling in the pelvis or a sense that something is ‘falling out’ – this symptom may be increased by standing, lifting, tiredness or at period time
  • Vaginal or pelvic floor muscle laxity (looseness of a limb or muscle).
Family & Friends

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How can you help?

We have created a guide to assist in your journey to support your loved one. Please let us know if there is anything we have missed, we welcome the input of our amazing community. 
Check in regularly 
Ask her how things are going. She may look okay on the outside but she can still feel the need to talk. 
Encourage her to look at this website and talk to us if she hasn’t already reached out.
Practical Physical Help 
A change in physical capacity can impact day to day life and there may be some things that she may not be able to do. It can be beneficial for women to avoid any activities that create downward pressure on the pelvic floor. Strenuous activities such as lifting heavy objects, including lifting a baby or child, is a perfect example. 
Be more involved
Provide a home cooked meal instead of flowers or presents, and help around the house. She may need time and support until she has the knowledge and ability to begin managing her symptoms and moving forward. 
Be prepared 
For affected women there may be triggers that can cause her to act out of character. For example, a woman sitting comfortably with her tiny, brand new baby may remind your loved one of her own (negative) postpartum experience. Feelings of guilt, not feeling good enough, anger or sadness can be triggered and she may just need to remove herself from such a situation. 
As a support person, be prepared to quickly leave the coffee shop/park/cafe at a moments notice because of these‘triggers’. Giving her time, and trying to understand will help. If you are both able to identify what the trigger is/was, this may help you be prepared for future experiences.
Doctor’s Appointments 
It may benefit you both to attend the initial appointments together, so that you both have a full understanding of the seriousness of the physical injuries she may have, the required next steps, and follow ups. Once you have been given a specialist referral, we recommend finding out more to ensure that they have the experience and expertise you require. Birth trauma is still a relatively new area of focus, and finding the right healthcare professional is an extremely important part of the healing process. If you are unsure, it may also be useful to seek a second opinion. Support your loved one in following professional advice and encourage her to do so. If the doctor says no heavy lifting (such as carrying shopping, or putting out the washing) that does mean no heavy lifting. 
Taking care of her 
We have spoken to many women who have been impacted by birth trauma and you may find the following statements useful in providing insight to her current feelings.
  • A traumatic birth is not something you can plan for.
  • Everyone heals differently, please give me the time I need
  • I’m not the person that I used to be – the change is as daunting for me as it is you. 
  • Some days I can be completely emotionless and other days I am an emotional wreck 
  • Please acknowledge that I need to talk about what happened to me. 
  • There is more to birth than having a healthy baby. 
  • Trauma is real and the mother needs compassion, kindness and lots of care. 
  • When I say I am not coping, please acknowledge how unfair/daunting/overwhelming the situation is, and ask how you can help. 
  • When you respond with ‘you’re doing so well!’ Or ‘look at how well you’re coping’ you minimise my feelings. Please acknowledge how I feel. 
  • You may hear of someone having a similar experience to my own that wasn’t traumatised by it. That’s okay, we all process things differently. It does not mean that I shouldn’t feel the way I do. 
A guide on what to say (and what not to say) 
What she needs to hear:
  • It’s not your fault 
  • Forgive yourself for not knowing what you didn’t know
What not to say or do:
  • At least you have a healthy baby (any sentence that starts with at least’ is not helpful) 
  • You’ll forget about the birth 
  • Just get on with it 
  • There are a lot of women worse off 
  • You had bad luck 
  • Ignore or dismiss her feelings

Seeking Help

It is important to understand that birth injuries resulting from birth trauma may include damage to the pelvic floor or perineal area and require expert medical advice and assessment, and the effects may continue long after the birth. 
It’s a good idea to ensure you know exactly what your loved one went through, especially if you weren’t in the room during your baby’s delivery. Knowing what happened to both the mother and child during the birth is the first step in identifying when something isn’t quite right.
Don’t be afraid to ask questions, but be patient – this can be a difficult process. 
Due to the nature and complexity of each persons individual trauma, your loved one will need time, support, understanding and love from those closest to them. Alongside this, you will benefit from the support, guidance and treatment from the right health professionals, including the Australasian Birth Trauma Association. 
We can help connect you and your loved one to a community who have been impacted by birth trauma across social and online platforms.

Health Professionals

There are many different health professionals who can assist and provide treatment in the management of birth trauma. It can be confusing to consider what type of doctor or specialist needs to be seen, who to speak to, and who specialises in what. You may find our guide on the types of health professionals associated with both types of birth trauma helpful. Above all, be patient – healing takes time, and working together will make this journey easier for all involved. 

A Message to Partners

Birth partners can also experience trauma from childbirth, and are too often forgotten. Watching someone you love go through a painful birth experience can be extremely difficult. You may feel very confused because you do not understand the nature of your partners’ psychological trauma and/or physical injuries after the birth, or you may have feared for your partner and baby’s well being. It is very important that you take the time to understand your own experience. You may wish to make an appointment with your GP to get help and support. Unfortunately, postnatal depression and anxiety in men is not always diagnosed accurately. Affected couples should seek expert advice from mental health professionals.