"People rarely give up on their moral attachments and ideological commitments just because they’re shown to be out of alignment with reality"
- Peter Boghossian and James Lindsay


Over the last 15 years we have learnt a lot about pelvic floor and anal sphincter trauma in women, and also about its long-term consequences, both in terms of bodily symptoms and in terms of psychological consequences. Here is a list of reviews and original papers from the peer-reviewed literature, many of them authored by ABTA members.

Please note: If the link only gives access to an abstract you can email us for a full version as pdf.

Research articles and opinion pieces:

Birth Trauma and the politics of childbirth

Pelvic floor/Levator ani muscle

Anal sphincter

Conservative management

You may wish to find out more information about birth trauma here.